MAI Journal 2020: Volume 9 Issue 3

Publication Date
Articles in this issue

STORYING KAITIAKITANGA: Exploring Kaupapa Māori land and water food stories

Submitted by csmi500 on Tue, 11/17/2020 - 09:11
Article type
DOI
10.20507/MAIJournal.2020.9.3.1

This article explores the Indigenous principle of kaitiakitanga as it relates to Māori agrifood practices. Our discussion is based on interviews with a small cross-section of Māori in the agrifood sector whose practices are informed by a long-standing appreciation of the interconnected realities of lands, food, people and waterways. We consider how the shared Kaupapa Māori principles underpinning these food practices form part of a wider Kaupapa Māori land, water and food systems approach which we call “Kai Ora”.

THE MĀORI ELECTORAL OPTION: How can trends in roll choices be explained?

Submitted by csmi500 on Tue, 11/17/2020 - 09:13
Article type
Author(s)
DOI
10.20507/MAIJournal.2020.9.3.2

The Māori Electoral Option is a period of 4 months, every 5 years, when Māori electors can choose whether to be on the Māori or the General Electoral Roll. The outcome of the Māori Electoral Option is a key factor in determining the number of Māori seats in the New Zealand Parliament. The Electoral Commission estimates that approximately 6,000 Māori voters each year request to change electoral roll, but in 2017 over 19,000 voters applied to change.

The experiences of whānau and kaiako with Speech-Language Therapy in Kaupapa Māori education

Submitted by csmi500 on Tue, 11/17/2020 - 09:15
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DOI
10.20507/MAIJournal.2020.9.3.3

In New Zealand, speech-language therapists work through both the health and the education systems. In common with many Indigenous peoples, Māori have faced inequities in both health and education for decades. Kaupapa Māori education systems have been developed to support educational success and the survival of kaupapa Māori knowledge and te reo Māori. However, disparities between Māori and non-Māori still exist in the delivery of speech-language therapy services.

ONCE WERE GARDENERS: Māra and planting protest at Ihumātao

Submitted by csmi500 on Tue, 11/17/2020 - 09:17
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DOI
10.20507/MAIJournal.2020.9.3.4

In a 2009 speech, prominent Māori lawyer Moana Jackson said that the novel Once Were Warriors (Duff, 1990) could have been more appropriately named Once Were Gardeners (New Zealand Drug Foundation, 2009). By doing so he argued against the notion that Māori possess a “warrior gene” predisposing them to violence. Instead, Jackson maintained, Māori were more likely to have a predisposition for gardening. Gardening, or mahi māra, has been practised by Māori for centuries in Aotearoa New Zealand.

THEATRE MARAE: Māori theatre pedagogy in research

Submitted by csmi500 on Thu, 11/26/2020 - 14:04
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Author(s)
DOI
10.20507/MAIJournal.2020.9.3.5

Theatre Marae is a contemporary theatre practice unique to Aotearoa New Zealand, and this article outlines its application as an Indigenous-informed creative framework for qualitative research. As a research methodology, Theatre Marae is based in a conceptual partnership between traditional and contemporary Māori performing arts, applied theatre and the therapeutic encounter. As a form of theatre pedagogy, Theatre Marae has been applied as a decolonising strategy in ensemble work, and to craft evocative theatre that honours Māori expressions of colonisation, trauma and social justice.

RIGHTS-BASED APPROACHES TO IMPROVING FOOD AVAILABILITY FOR TAMARIKI MĀORI

Submitted by csmi500 on Mon, 11/30/2020 - 09:41
Article type
DOI
10.20507/MAIJournal.2020.9.3.6

Food availability refers to the adequacy of the supply of healthy food. It is a key concern for the wellbeing of tamariki Māori today. A narrative literature review methodology was applied to examine the literature and identify influences that enable the availability of healthy food for tamariki. Findings were synthesised and analysed using the Oranga Mokopuna framework—a rights-based approach grounded in tikanga Māori.

UNDERSTANDING PASIFIKA MENTAL HEALTH IN NEW ZEALAND: A review of the literature

Submitted by csmi500 on Mon, 11/30/2020 - 09:43
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DOI
10.20507/MAIJournal.2020.9.3.7

Pasifika mental health continues to be a growing concern in New Zealand. This article reviews and presents online available research concerning the mental health of Pasifika in New Zealand. A comprehensive online literature search was conducted. In total, 967 online articles were identified, and 58 met the criteria to be included in the final review.

GLASS CEILINGS IN NEW ZEALAND UNIVERSITIES: Inequities in Māori and Pacific promotions and earnings

Submitted by csmi500 on Mon, 11/30/2020 - 09:36
Article type
DOI
10.20507/MAIJournal.2020.9.3.8

Māori and Pacific academics make up less than 4% and 1% respectively of New Zealand professors. We investigated ethnic inequities in promotions and earnings in New Zealand universities. Using New Zealand’s Performance-Based Research Fund (PBRF) data (2003, 2012, 2018) we found that Māori and Pacific men and also women academics, compared with non-Māori non-Pacific men academics, had significantly lower odds of being an associate professor or professor (professoriate) or of being promoted, and had lower earnings.

STUDENT VOICE: Learning paangarau in a Maaori-medium modern learning environment

Submitted by csmi500 on Mon, 12/14/2020 - 09:36
Article type
DOI
10.20507/MAIJournal.2020.9.3.9

Maaori-medium educators are deeply committed to the revitalisation of tikanga and te reo Maaori in order to enhance the cultural setting in which aakonga learn and kaiako teach. This article originates from a project which set out to explore the teaching, learning and achievement in paangarau of learners in a Maaori- medium puna maatauranga kiritoa/modern learning environment (PMK/MLE) located in a small town in Aotearoa New Zealand. In this two- year study, a total of 106 year 4–6 aakonga were supported to consider the teaching and learning of paangarau in their PMK.

FROM EXPLOITATIVE TO REGENERATIVE TOURISM: Tino rangatiratanga and tourism in Aotearoa New Zealand

Submitted by csmi500 on Mon, 12/14/2020 - 09:57
Article type
DOI
10.20507/MAIJournal.2020.9.3.10

Aotearoa New Zealand’s environmental management has long been considered short-sighted and focused on economic development over environmental, cultural or social imperatives. Tourism contributes to those pressures on our environments and communities. While Māori have always been involved in tourism, there is a concerted movement by many Māori towards engagement with tourism as a means of reconnecting with cultural traditions, protecting natural resources and providing employment for whānau.

SURVIVANCE AS NARRATIVE IDENTITY: Voices from a Ngāti Tiipa oral history project

Submitted by csmi500 on Tue, 03/30/2021 - 08:51
Article type
DOI
10.20507/MAIJournal.2020.9.3.11

For Indigenous peoples, and Māori specifically, storytelling and oral history are crucial to the survival of our collective identities, culture and language. Retold across generations, our stories are often explicit and interwoven narratives of personal and collective memories. Drawing on Native American scholar Gerald Vizenor’s (2009) concept of “survivance stories”, this article explores a set of three oral history narratives of kaumātua from Ngāti Tiipa, one of the 33 iwi and hapū of the Waikato-Tainui confederation.

The lead article by Jessica Hutchings, Jo Smith, Yvonne Taura, Garth Harmsworth and Shaun Awatere, STORYING KAITIAKITANGA: Exploring Kaupapa Māori land and water food stories explores the Indigenous principle of kaitiakitanga as it relates to Māori agrifood practices. The article considers how the shared Kaupapa Māori principles underpinning food practices form part of a wider Kaupapa Māori land, water and food systems approach called “Kai Ora”.

The second article in this issue by Maria Bargh is titled THE MĀORI ELECTORAL OPTION: How can trends in roll choices be explained?  This article considers the significance of the Māori Electoral Option as a key factor in determining the number of Māori seats in the New Zealand Parliament, and notes the trends in voters changing rolls is a complex of many factors.

The third article in this issue is by Ellen Faithfull, titled The experiences of whānau and kaiako with Speech-Language Therapy in Kaupapa Māori education reports on the findings from a focus group of six whānau members and educators all connected to one kōhanga reo.  The four significant themes that emerged were: whānau emphasis on te ao Māori permeating all aspects of the therapy process, including a focus on te reo Māori, suitable settings for therapy, use of relevant resources, and appropriate methods of communication.

The next article in this issue titled ONCE WERE GARDENERS: Māra and planting protest at Ihumātao is written by Rhieve-Sheridan Grey, Charlotte Muru-Lanning, Nicholas Jones, Marama Muru-Lanning and Tia Dawes.  This paper explores the idea that gardens and gardening demonstrate a form of Māori protest and resistance and confirms that understanding the occupation acknowledges the importance of māra in te ao Māori.

The fifth article written by Helen Pearse-Otene titled THEATRE MARAE: Māori theatre pedagogy in research outlines its application as an Indigenous-informed creative framework for qualitative research.  Theatre Māori has been applied as a decolonising strategy in ensemble work and crafting evocative theatre, honouring Māori expressions of colonisation, trauma and social justice.  It is also applicable to Kaupapa Māori arts-based research.

The next article is co-authored by Christina McKerchar, Paula King, Cameron Lacey, Gillian Abel and Louise Signal and is titled RIGHTS-BASED APPROACHES TO IMPROVING FOOD AVAILABILITY FOR TAMARIKI MĀORI.  This article identifies food availability as being a key concern for tamariki Māori.  Using the rights-based Oranga Mokopuna framework grounded in tikanga Māori, the authors conclude that the right to healthy food needs to be urgently embedded across New Zealand legislation, policy and practices.

The seventh article in this issue titled UNDERSTANDING PASIFIKA MENTAL HEALTH IN NEW ZEALAND: A review of the literature is written by Sarah A. Kapeli, Sam Manuela and Chris G. Sibley.  The authors found the overarching themes relating to Pacific mental health in New Zealand included mental health prevalence, mental health services, mental health perceptions, mental health prevention or intervention and suicide.  The role of education, culturally appropriate services and engaging community activities in preventing further mental health disparity among Pasifika in New Zealand were also explored.

Our eighth article by Tara G McAllister, Jesse Kokaua, Sereana Naepi, Joanna Kidman and Reremoana Theodore, GLASS CEILINGS IN NEW ZEALAND UNIVERSITIES: Inequities in Māori and Pacific promotions and earnings uses New Zealand’s Performance-Based Research Fund (PBRF) data (2003, 2012, 2018) to discuss how Māori and Pacific men and also women academics, compared with non-Māori non-Pacific men academics, had significantly lower odds of being an associate professor or professor (professoriate) or of being promoted, and had lower earnings.

The next article STUDENT VOICE: Learning paangarau in a Maaori-medium modern learning environment was written by Ngaarewa Hawera and Leeana Herewini, elevates the student voice in ensuring their increased engagement and success in learning paangarau in Maaori medium modern learning environments.  By exploring the teaching, learning and achievement of learners the two-year case study, and two focus groups revealed insights into types of pedagogy and tasks in paangarau that can increase children's collaboration, self-management and engagement.

The tenth article in this issue by Helen Matunga, Hirini Matunga and Stephen C. Urlich, titled FROM EXPLOITATIVE TO REGENERATIVE TOURISM: Tino rangatiratanga and tourism in Aotearoa New Zealand discusses the concerted movement by many Māori towards engagement with tourism as a means of reconnecting with cultural traditions, protecting natural resources and providing employment for whānau. It also advances the need for a framework establishing the limits of acceptable environmental change for different taonga from the effects of tourism.

Our final article by Tahu Kukutai, Nepia Mahuika, Heeni Kani, Denise Ewe and Karu Hura Kukutai, SURVIVANCE AS NARRATIVE IDENTITY: Voices from a Ngāti Tiipa oral history project explores three oral history narratives of kaumātua from Ngāti Tiipa, one of the 33 iwi and hapū of the Waikato-Tainui confederation.  These stories relate how enduring connections to the river and land, retention of whānau practices and the intergenerational transmission of tūpuna names have shaped contemporary expressions of Ngāti Tiipa identity and belonging.